The Jaratkari form of artwork is constituted of various patterns laid in marble. The flowers, leaves, fruits, birds, animals and some human figures shown in the panels, in the Jaratkari technique are laid in varied colours forming a multi-chromatic collage. The Sikhs have always been true lovers of nature. The Sikh Gurus appreciated various elements of nature in Gurbani. The Sikh warriors had to take refuge in forests every now and then to avenge their adversaries which also led to their having a very close contact with nature. Moreover, the plains of Punjab predominantly agrarian and bound by hills in the north must have led to strong bonds with the natural forms like trees, flowers, leaves, birds and animals. The concept of a close relationship
between the nature and human beings is ancient and widespread. For example, the following forms which have been used in the various artworks denote different meanings attached to them such as:
i) Vegetation: life & growth. Flowers in general symbolize beauty and transitory nature of life. These are often used to represent the cycle of life,
ii) Animals: life, growth, energy and many mythologies,
iii) Birds: like peacocks and sparrows symbolize that worldly relations are illusive (Singh, 2007).